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Vocative


The vocative case is used for addressing or calling someone. It is often used together with the imperative form of verbs, or indirect speech.

Suffixes :
sg. pl.
m
-e/-u: gospodine, Jovane, prijatelju
=Nom.: Marko, Đorđe
=Nom.: prijatelji
f
-o/-e: devojko, gospođo, Zoro, drugarice, Milice
=Nom.: Marina, Zorana
=Nom.:devojke
n
=Nom.: ime =Nom.: imena

1) Maculine gender nouns of the I type declension in vocative sg. usually have the suffix -e (e.g. gospodin-e). Exceptions are nouns ending with consonants (ć, č, đ, dž, nj, lj, š, ž, j, z, c) and they have suffix -u in vocative (npr. mesec-u, Francuz-u).

2) Masculine gender nouns that end in the consonants k, g or h in nominative, have a sound alternation before the -e: k>č, g>ž, h>š.
e.g. dečak > dečače, drug > druže, duh > duše

3) In the feminine gender nouns the suffix -o is the regular suffix. The suffix -e appears in the vocative case of nouns which in the nominative sg. have the suffix -ica.
e.g. drugarica drugarice; Milica Milice; nastavnica nastavnice

You can try below what you have just lernt. Write your answer and press Enter
Put the given nouns into vocative.
, dođite na ručak! (deca)
Izvinite, , da li možete da se pomerite? (gospodin)
, sedite molim vas! (gospođa)
, kad ćeš doći kod mene? (Jovan)
, idi u prodavnicu! (Vera)
, dođite u moju kancelariju! (kolega)
, ja ovo ne razumem. (profesor)
, ja sam gladan. (mama)

Put the given nouns into vocative. Pay attention to a sound alternation.
, ti si lud! (čovek)
, pomozi mi! (Bog)
, čestitam! (vojnik)
, srećan ti rođendan. (drug)
, pravo! (dečak)
Moj dobri , čuvaj me! (duh)

Put the given nouns into vocative.
, pozovi me sutra! (Milica)
, ponovite to još jednom molim vas! (profesorica)
, kako se zovete? (gospođica)
, vrati se! (Ljubica)